What causes shoulder problems?

Most shoulder problems are the result of overuse or traumatic injury. Athletes who participate in contact sports, such as hockey or football, often suffer shoulder injuries. Frequent lifting and repetitive arm rotation can also cause wear and tear on the shoulder. Inflammatory diseases such as arthritis and bursitis may develop over time.

Rotator Cuff

The rotator cuff is a band of muscles surrounding the joint formed by the upper arm bone or humerus that connects to the shoulder blade or scapula. It is stiff enough to hold the joint together, but flexible enough to allow the arm to reach and lift.

Rotator cuff injuries are common among baseball pitchers, tennis players and other athletes who frequently exert an overhand throwing or swinging motion. Non-athletes who engage in frequent lifting or reaching activities, such as stacking cans on a high shelf, can also develop rotator cuff problems.

Shoulder Arthroplasty

Shoulder Replacement Surgery, also known as Shoulder Arthroplasty, is the surgical procedure for treating severe pain and stiffness of the shoulder caused by arthritis or degenerative disease of the shoulder joint.

Shoulder Arthroplasty can provide pain relief and restore the motion, strength and function of the shoulder; assisting patients to return to their previous activities.


Below are some useful links from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: